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WILLIAM  TOK  HXlrlBOLDT.                  2SI
In the summer, he went to Berlin for the first time
with his wife ; "but the political and social circumstances
there were still not of a nature to induce him to re-
main, and he left it after a short visit. After several
years spent in retirement, he now felt the want of
communicating' and exchanging his ideas, and, to
satisfy this desire, he and his family removed to Jena
in the spring of 179i, in order to live in the imme-
diate vicinity of the great poet Schiller.
We will now enumerate the works of William von
Huniboldt, published from 1791 to 17947 beginning
with those on political philosophy. The first of these is
"Ideas on Constitutions,, suggested by the new French
constitution/' This was contained In a letter to a friend,
in August, 1791 ? and was published in the "Berlin
Monthly Journal/' edited by Blester. The second,
- fc Ideas for an attempt to determine the boundaries of
the State/' in which this question Is investigated from
all points., especially in reference to home policy. It was
only published In fragments, and the most important
of these is superscribed, "How far may the care of the
State for the -welfare of its subjects be carried?" But,
even this chapter is not perfect, as only the most im-
portant portions were printed. Besides this, three
smaller chapters were published: the fifth, "On the
care of the State for protection against foreign enemies;**
the sixth: "On Public, National Education/* and the
eighth: "On the improvement of Morality by dSTational
Institutions.** The first-mentioned work was published
anonymously; the fragments bore the name of the
In these essays It appears plainly how profoundly
Humboldt understood the disadvantages of modern
civilization, and in what way he suggested their re-
moval.* The study which he considered as best adapted
to form a highly cultivated nation, was that of alati-
^quity, and especially of the Greeks. Humboldt took
% lively interest in old, even uncivilized nations,
especially of the southern ones, because they have a
bolder natural life than the more modem northern